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Bio MCAS – June 2014 MC answers
1-            C
2-            C
3-            B
4-            C
5-            B
6-            A
7-            D
8-            B
9-            D
10-      C
11-      C
12-      (OR)
13-      D
14-      C
15-      A
16-      B
17-      D
18-      D
19-      D
20-      A
21-      C
22-      A
23-      (OR)
24-      C
25-      A
26-      C
27-      D
28-      C
29-      B
30-      A
31-      C
32-      (OR)
33-      C
34-      A
35-      D
36-      C
37-      A
38-      C

39-      B

Bio Year Review Answer Key

1-      hypothesis
2-      theory
3-      controlled
4-      dependent, independent
5-      reliable

1-          energy, changes, responds,
reproduce, cells
2-      virus
3-      virulence
4-      species
5-      gene pool
6-      Prokaryotic
7-      eukaryotes
8-      binomial nomenclature
9-      homeostasis
10-   metabolism

1-      kingdoms
2-      nutrition
3-      prokaryotic
4-      Protista
5-      multicellular
6-      chitin
7-      symbiotic
8-      land
9-      animalia
10-      chordate

Ecology: Biosphere
1-      ecology
2-      biome
3-      ecosystem
4-      community
5-      population
6-      biotic vs abiotic
7-      water
8-      Carbon & Oxygen
9-      nitrogen
10-   producers
11-   primary consumers
12-   secondary consumers
13-   decomposers
14-   sunlight

Ecology: Populations
1-      limiting
2-      logistic
3-      carrying capacity
4-      extinction
5-      competition
6-      predation, grazing
7-      symbiosis
8-      increases, decreases
9-      biodiversity

1-      energy
2-      CHONPS
3-      neutral, acid, base
4-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
nucleic acids
5-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
 nucleic acids
6-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
 nucleic acids
7-      ATP
8-      proteins

Cell Biology
1-      cell membrane, cell
2-      selectively permeable
3-      high, low

Cell Bio, Part 2
1-      cell membrane, permeable
2-      simple
3-      complex
4-      high, low
5-      diffusion, osmosis, passive, active
6-      isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic
7-      out, in to, neither

Basic Anatomy and Plant Cell Biology
1-      cells, organs, systems
2-      roots, stems, leaves, flowers
3-      central. chloroplasts, wall
4-      determinant, indeterminant
5-      cellulose
6-      xylem, phloem, nodules

Metabolism and Plant Cells
1-      chloroplast
2-      mitochondria
3-      photosynthesis, products
4-      respiration, CO2 and H2O
5-      oxygen, anaerobic
6-      chlorophyll, light
7-      Light, water
8-      Calvin, carbon, C6H12O6
9-      energy
10-   fermentation. ATP
11-   aerobic
12-   oxygen
13-   glycolysis, cytoplasm, Pyruvic
14-   mitochondria
15-   Krebs
16-   ATP

Genetics: DNA and Replication
1-      bacterial, eukaryotic, faster
2-      nucleotide, backbone, nitrogenous
3-      replication, daughter, diploid
4-      complementary, A-T, C-G
5-      hydrogen, 3
6-      histone
7-      semiconservative, old, new
8-      unzips, complement, bonds, corrects

Genetics: Cell Division
1-      prokaryotes, binary, eukaryotes
2-      interphase, metabolism
3-      clones, unique
4-      Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, chromatin
5-      mitosis, meiosis
6-      replication
7-      haploid, diploid
8-      somatic, eggs, sperm
9-      haploid
10-   homologous, tetrad, crossing
11-   fertilization, zygote, diploid, ½

Molecular Genetics
1-      phenotype
2-      mRNA, translation
3-      protein, conformation
4-      mutations
5-      RNA-polymerase
6-      mRNA, tRNA
7-      ATP
8-      point
9-      silent
10-   sex, somatic

Evolution concepts revisited
1-      variety
2-      fit, environment
3-      evolution
4-      Natural selection, varied
5-      evolve
6-      fossils, homologous, appendix

1-      Mendel
2-      Punnett’s
3-      DD, Dd, dd, phenotype
4-      segregation, independent assortment
5-      classic Mendelian, codominance,
incomplete, polygenic, multiple alleles,
6-      pedigree

1-      digestive
2-      circulatory
3-      respiratory
4-      excretory
5-      nervous
6-      endocrine, immune
7-      skeletal
8-      motor unit
9-      integumentary, foreign
10-   reproductive

Pond Jar Wrap-up                                                                           
Summary Statement:  Based on the findings from this activity, we can conclude …  with ___% confidence.

Conclusion  Essential question: How does a pond jar in a window model succession in a larger ecosystem?
Word bank: succession, biodiversity, equilibrium, food web, trophic levels, raw materials/wastes, model

1-Response: 1-2 sentences … Why did putting a selection of plants and animals from a pond
into a 20oz pond jar cause a change in the numbers and diversity of those organisms?  

2-Support: 1-2 sentences … Quote a concept or idea (definition) that suggests why these types of changes happen after a disturbance to an ecosystem.  Cite the source

3-Evidence: 2-3 sentences … describe the types and numbers of organisms that were visible in the jar at the beginning of this activity, and the types and numbers visible now.  Compare/contrast your jar to the average of the other students jars.

4-Error Honesty: 1 sentence … what mistakes might you have made during the procedure, data collection and/or analysis or assumptions you held before we started that could have impacted your analysis of the results?

5-Connection: 2-3 sentences … What were some similarities between your pond jar and your community poster (micro and imaginative models)?  What were some lessons/concepts you learned from the community poster activity that you can use to understand what happened in the pond jar?  What were some similarities between your pond jar and the actual BHS pond(micro-model and real ecosystem)?  What were the main differences?

6-Extension: 1-2 sentences … consider the two jars that were vandalized … why is the water cloudy and why did the organisms die? 

7-Next Questions: 1 sentence …  You’re the scientist, what’s your next question/experiment?

 Logical flow/conventions:  Take pride enough to write a good quality response that “hangs together”, uses the vocab terms effectively and Proof-read!! 

Mastery Learning ... earning back points on assignments
In order to receive this credit, you are to complete the following on a clean sheet of paper, stapled to the front of the original… 
1) State the new score you anticipate on the assignment.
2) Rewrite the original question.
3) Reflection:  Explain the mistakes you made or the misunderstanding you had when answering the question initially.  The reflections must be thoughtful, complete and concise.
4) Re-answer the question or re-work the problem, explaining your correct answer fully.  If the problem is mathematical, show all steps.
5) Repeat steps 2-4 for each question on which you wish to earn back points
The packet must be handed in on or before the third class meeting after the assignment was passed back to the class.

Natural Selection Lab grading rubric  … 
Q: How did the hunting style of the red-tailed hawk cause the proportions of light and dark rabbits to change?

·        dark beans increased generation to generation because not as many were eaten by the hawks
·        dark rabbits were camouflaged and hawks were better at catching light rabbits
·        this activity was a model!  the beans were not rabbits, you were not a hawk

·        adaptation … fitness: survive to reproduce
·        natural selection definition
·        only the ones that survive reproduce the next generation

·        graph trends
·        changes in %’s , total and over the generations

Error Honesty:
·        real errors in procedure
·        not “our hypothesis was wrong” … that’s results, not an error!!

Next Questions
·        you are the scientist … what would you ask next?

Convincing … truly

Vocab … see below

Logical flow/conventions … it’s a paragraph with a point, it uses English conventions and it makes sense

 … a conclusion that is written in your own words and fully meets all of the criteria is in the running to earn in the A-range.  The quality of your writing, a concise and direct treatment of the question, and “the beauty of the language” is what puts you on track to earn the maximum points (A+=40pts).

Unit I.The Practice of Science
Basic level of understanding includes …
  • Definition and construction of a hypothesis
  • Theory as explanation
  • Design of a controlled experiment
  • Distinguish dependent from independent variable in a controlled experiment
  • Qualities of reliable data
Proficient level of understanding includes all above, plus…
  • The perspective/gestalt of science research
  • The vital role of objective observation in collecting reliable data
  • Graphing: Independent and dependent variables on correct axes, labels & units, setting appropriate axis-scales
  • The utility of well-designed models
  • The 4 qualities of reliable research: replicable, falsifiable, precise, straightforward
  • Distinction between precision and accuracy
  • The most reliable theories are solidly supported by experimental results from 3+ branches of a science
  • Reliable science uses logic to analyze results and meticulously links cause and effect to describe relationships
  • Occam’s razor:  All else being held equal, the simplest explanation is usually correct
  • Bias:  the natural human tendency to wish for desired outcomes, overcome by conducting experiments rigorously and analyzing results honestly