Biology

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Your textbook is HRW's Biology: Principles and Explorations.  Find support at   http://go.hrw.com/hrw.nd/gohrw_rls1/pKeywordResults?keyword=HX0%20HOME

Find the link to Massachusetts Biology Frameworks at the Department of Education http://www.doe.mass.edu/frameworks/scitech/2001/standards/ls9_101.html

Check out Kahn Academy's Biology lessons and other online support sites and let me know how well they work for you!


Bio Year Review Answer Key

Science
1-      hypothesis
2-      theory
3-      controlled
4-      dependent, independent
5-      reliable

Life
1-          energy, changes, responds,
reproduce, cells
2-      virus
3-      virulence
4-      species
5-      gene pool
6-      Prokaryotic
7-      eukaryotes
8-      binomial nomenclature
9-      homeostasis
10-   metabolism

Taxonomy
1-      kingdoms
2-      nutrition
3-      prokaryotic
4-      Protista
5-      multicellular
6-      symbiotic
7-      land
8-      animalia
9-      chordate

Ecology: Biosphere
1-      ecology
2-      biome
3-      ecosystem
4-      community
5-      population
6-      biotic vs abiotic
7-      water
8-      Carbon & Oxygen
9-      nitrogen
10-   producers
11-   primary consumers
12-   secondary consumers
13-   decomposers
14-   sunlight


Ecology: Populations
1-      limiting
2-      logistic
3-      carrying capacity
4-      extinction
5-      competition
6-      predation, grazing
7-      symbiosis
8-      increases, decreases
9-      biodiversity

BioChemistry
1-      energy
2-      CHONPS
3-      neutral, acid, base
4-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
nucleic acids
5-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
 nucleic acids
6-      carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
 nucleic acids
7-      ATP
8-      proteins

Cell Biology
1-      cell membrane, cell
2-      selectively permeable
3-      high, low

Cell Bio, Part 2
1-      cell membrane, permeable
2-      simple
3-      complex
4-      high, low
5-      diffusion, osmosis, passive, active
6-      isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic
7-      out, in to, neither

Basic Anatomy and Plant Cell Biology
1-      cells, organs, systems
2-      roots, stems, leaves, flowers
3-      central. chloroplasts, wall
4-      determinant, indeterminant
5-      cellulose
6-      xylem, phloem, nodules



Metabolism and Plant Cells
1-      chloroplast
2-      mitochondria
3-      photosynthesis, products
4-      respiration, CO2 and H2O
5-      oxygen, anaerobic
6-      chlorophyll, light
7-      Light, water
8-      Calvin, C6H12O6
9-      energy
10-   fermentation. ATP
11-   aerobic
12-   oxygen
13-   glycolysis, cytoplasm, Pyruvic
14-   mitochondria
15-   Krebs
16-   ATP

Genetics: DNA and Replication
1-      bacterial, eukaryotic, faster
2-      nucleotide, backbone, nitrogenous
3-      replication, daughter, diploid
4-      complementary, A-T, C-G
5-      hydrogen, 3
6-      histone
7-      semiconservative, old, new
8-      unzips, complement, bonds, corrects

Genetics: Cell Division
1-      prokaryotes, binary, eukaryotes
2-      interphase, metabolism
3-      clones, unique
4-      Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, chromatin
5-      mitosis, meiosis
6-      replication
7-      haploid, diploid
8-      somatic, eggs, sperm
9-      haploid
10-   homologous, tetrad, crossing
11-   fertilization, zygote, diploid, ½

 Molecular Genetics
1-      phenotype
2-      mRNA, translation
3-      protein, conformation
4-      mutations
5-      RNA-polymerase
6-      mRNA, tRNA
7-      ATP
8-      point
9-      silent
10-   sex, somatic

Evolution concepts revisited
1-      variety
2-      fit, environment
3-      evolution
4-      Natural selection, varied
5-      evolve
6-      fossils, homologous, appendix

Inheritance
1-      Mendel
2-      Punnett’s
3-      DD, Dd, dd, phenotype
4-      segregation, independent assortment
5-      classic Mendelian, codominance,
incomplete, polygenic, multiple alleles,
sex-linked
6-      pedigree

Anatomy
1-      digestive
2-      circulatory
3-      respiratory
4-      excretory
5-      nervous
6-      endocrine, immune
7-      skeletal
8-      motor unit
9-      integumentary, foreign
10-   reproductive




Mastery Learning 
In order to receive this credit, you are to complete the following on a clean sheet of paper, stapled to the front of the original… 
1) State the new score you anticipate on the assignment.
2) Rewrite the original question.
3) Reflection:  Explain the mistakes you made or the misunderstanding you had when answering the question initially.  The reflections must be thoughtful, complete and concise.
4) Re-answer the question or re-work the problem, explaining your correct answer fully.  If the problem is mathematical, show all steps.
5) Repeat steps 2-4 for each question on which you wish to earn back points
The packet must be handed in on or before the third class meeting after the assignment was passed back to the class.



Unit I.The Practice of Science
Basic level of understanding includes …
  • Definition and construction of a hypothesis
  • Theory as explanation
  • Design of a controlled experiment
  • Distinguish dependent from independent variable in a controlled experiment
  • Qualities of reliable data
Proficient level of understanding includes all above, plus…
  • The perspective/gestalt of science research
  • The vital role of objective observation in collecting reliable data
  • Graphing: Independent and dependent variables on correct axes, labels & units, setting appropriate axis-scales
  • The utility of well-designed models
  • The 4 qualities of reliable research: replicable, falsifiable, precise, straightforward
  • Distinction between precision and accuracy
Advanced
  • The most reliable theories are solidly supported by experimental results from 3+ branches of a science
  • Reliable science uses logic to analyze results and meticulously links cause and effect to describe relationships
  • Occam’s razor:  All else being held equal, the simplest explanation is usually correct
  • Bias:  the natural human tendency to wish for desired outcomes, overcome by conducting experiments rigorously and analyzing results honestly